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The Normalizability Problem

Carter, Brandon. "Understanding the Fundamental Constants." Atomic Masses and Fundamental Constants: Proceedings of the FIfth International Conference on Atomic Masses and Fundamental Constants. Eds. J.H. Sanders and A.H. Wapstra. New York: Plenum, 1976. 650-54.
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Collins, Robin. "Fine-Tuning Arguments and the Problem of the Comparison Range." Philosophia Christi 7 (2005): 385-404.
Collins, Robin. "How to Rigorously Define Fine-Tuning." Philosophia Christi 7 (2005b): 382-407.
Collins, Robin. “The Teleological Argument: An Exploration of the Fine-Tuning of the Universe.” The Blackwell Companion to Natural Theology. Eds. William Lane Craig and James Porter Moreland. Malden: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009. 202–81.
Colyvan, Mark, Jay Garfield, and Graham Priest. "Some Problems with the 'Fine-Tuning Argument'." Synthese 145 (3) (2005): 325-38.
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Klee, Robert. "The Revenge of Pythagoras: How a Mathematical Sharp Practice Undermines the Contemporary Design Argument in Astrophysical Cosmology." British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 53, no. 3 (2002): 331-354.
Manson, Neil A. "There is No Adequate Definition of 'Fine-Tuned for Life'." Inquiry 43 (3) (2000): 341-351.
McGrew, Timothy and Lydia McGrew. “On the Rational Reconstruction of the Fine-Tuning Argument: Response to Collins and Pruss.” Philosophia Christi 7.2 (2005): 425-43.
McGrew, Timothy, Lydia McGrew, and Eric Vestrup. "Probabilities and the Fine-Tuning Argument. In God and Design." Ed. Neil Manson. London: Routledge, 2003.
Plantinga, Alvin. "Is the Relevant Probability Space Normalizable?" Chapter 7, section II.B in Where the Conflict Really Lies: Science, Religion, & Naturalism. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011. 205-211.
Pruss, Alexander. “Fine- and Coarse-Tuning, Normalizability, and Probabilistic Reasoning.” Philosophia Christi 7.2 (2005): 405-23.
Shotwell, David A. "Is the Universe Improbable?" The Skeptical Inquirer 11 (1987): 376-82.
Walker, Mark A. and Milan M. Cirkovic. "Anthropic Reasoning and the Contemporary Design Argument in Astrophysics: A Reply to Robert Klee." PhilSci Archive (2003) <>
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